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Origins Of Music Boxes

Origins of Music boxes

The year of 1796 is marked as origin of music boxes in history, as Antoine Favre from Geneva incorporated his first musical gadget. He was a watchmaker and developed many mechanical machines for nearly two centuries. For his contributions in mechanical devices, he is known as the Father of mechanical dreams. Antoine used watches, pendants, and perfume bottles to make the musical gadget. This gadget was known as a music comb. It was made from tampered and hardened steel. The comb had springy teeth of different lengths. Each of the springy teeth is plucked to produce a musical note. The length of the particular tooth is determines which musical note is produced. The comb can produce a different note from each tooth.
History reveals that the musical clocks and musical boxes were constructed for the entertainment and amusement of the wealthy and also for royalty during the 16th century. At that time, music was played by striking a pin on a revolving cylinder or disc.
Snuff boxes were originally produced by artisan watchmakers. Switzerland was the center for the bulk production of musical boxes during the 19th century. Samuel Junod and Jeremie Recordon were two entrepreneurs that started the first music box factory in Switzerland. There were also a few factories in Germany and Bohemia at that time. Some manufacturers in Europe also opened factories in United States by the end of the 19th century.
The first music boxes were of varying sizes that ranged from a tiny container which could fit in a pocket, to the size of a hat box, to the size of large pieces of furniture. Most were used as tabletop art pieces. The operative part of these instruments was cylinder that was fabricated from metal and powered by a spring. These cylindrical music boxes were used to provide live music only. They produced a melody of a bell choir or of harpists. However, there was a limitation since they had their own in built-in musical notes.
Manufacturers of cylindrical music boxes tried to remove this limitation by incorporating a method to shift the cylinder to change the melody in a box. The box incorporated several sets of pins, each representing one song. As one set of pins rang the musical notes of the comb, other sets of pins passed silently. When that particular song ends, the cylinder would pass by and other sets of pins would line up with the comb teeth, so, that one musical box could play different tunes. It is reported that some of them could play as many as 12 different tunes in that era of piano music.
In 1862, further improvements were made which permitted the cylinder to be removed to change the melody of a particular box. There were interchangeable cylinders and each cylinder had different tune. Any cylinder could be removed and replaced by a cylinder to provide a different tune.
Cylindrical music boxes were rapidly replaced by the Polyphone and other instruments made with interchangeable metal disks. By the end of the 19th century, instruments with metal disks were mass produced and people switched over to these from music boxes with cylinders. With the invention of disc players, the middle class was able to enjoy the enchanting melodies and popular music of that time in their own homes. Music boxes were great success not only in Europe, but also in America.
Symphonion, in Leipzig, Germany manufactured the first mass produced disc music boxs. The company made music boxes affordable and inexpensive, and it was easy to add more musical selections. Symphonion used a technique that punched holes onto a steel disk that plucked the comb teeth. Some of these were able to play 24 or 27-inch diameter disks. Another could play various song discs. More music was added so that bells would play with the music. The bells could be turned on or off with a switch. These improvements were added in a box named Musical Bell Symphonium.
Many manufacturers of disc music boxes also built masterpieces with mechanisms that were incorporated into hall clocks. Some even had dancing dolls built-in. The boxes were also used in birdcages, jewelry boxes, snowballs and many other art pieces.
In 1877, the phonograph was invented by Thomas Alva Edison. This instrument had major impact on the music industry of the time.
It wasnt long before there were new instruments introduced to the market like Polyphone, Kalliope, Sireon, Fortuna, Empress and Alder to name a few. All of these were produced in Switzerland and Germany. Polyphone took over the music market in America in 1892. Gustave Bachhausen from Germany, who was co-manufacturer of Polyphone disk boxes, established Regina Musical Box Company in New Jersey in 1892. Regina boxes were a huge success and achieved a milestone of 100,000 boxes sold before it disappeared from the market in 1921.
Disk music boxes were highly popular in the 20th century. These instruments were able to produce and arrange new music. Owners of these music boxes could purchase new discs to play in their machines.
In the 19th century, the player piano, phonograph, orchestrion and nickelodeon were invented and quickly became the primary instruments for home entertainment in and the contemporary coin-operated music industry. Coin-operated music boxes were placed in places like parks and train stations in Switzerland. These boxes were able to produce different musical tunes.
The Gramophone eventually replaced music boxes entirely. These record players were easy to use and affordable and permitted a choice of songs. They also offered the option of vocal or orchestral play back.
The Phonograph was invented during the First World War. The Great Depression of1929 crashed the music box industry and removed it from prominence in the market. Most of the manufacturers switched their focus and started producing products such as typewriters, watches and movie cameras that were in much-higher demand.
Today, Reuge of St.Croix, Switzerland is one of the few manufacturers that still produces music boxes of all shapes and sizes. Sanyo of Japan is the leading music box manufacturer with its own designs that compete successfully with the quality and sound of Swiss products.

Mp3 Download Site mp3 Musiq Boasts Speed Over Kazaa

When youre looking for top quality, high speed music and movie MP3 download sites, you dont want to be hanging around waiting for them. Which is where MP3 Musiq, or iMP3Download, as it calls itself on the home page, wins over so many of its rivals. The site boasts that it is 250 times faster than Kazaa, just as well when you have over 14 million MP3s to choose from, and access to 15 billion files.

MP3 Musiq is not a free service, and all the better for it; with free MP3 download sites, you often get your moneys worth i.e. nada! For one very reasonable subscription, MP3 Musiq allows you to download as many movies, games, music tracks and software as you like. Whats more, MP3 Musiqs fast download speeds also ensures theres no tedious hanging about for downloads to appear, so you can get on with enjoying your MP3 downloads faster.

Subscriptions with MP3 Musiq come in three types:

1. Unlimited Access at $34.95. This gives you unlimited access – forever!

2. 2 Years Access at just $1.37 a month, a total of $32.95

3. 1 Years Access at $2.49 a month, a total of $29.95

You can also top up your subscription with the Unlimited DVD Movie offer, a snip at just $14.95.

However, be aware that all three subscriptions will be debited from your card or account in one go, so there is no opportunity to spread the cost or pay as you go. Get real though, because at these prices, who cares! Unlimited lifetime downloads for just $34.95 is an amazing value; youd get just 44 music tracks from iTunes for that price!

One of the great features of MP3 Musiq is that all the software you need is provided in your subscription price, and whats more, the download software is both Mac and PC compatible. Using the MP3 Musiq cd burning software, you can burn as many cds as you like from your downloads for listening in the car, as well as burning your movies on cd to watch in a DVD player. Technical support is offered 24/7.

The web site interface is clear and uncluttered, and you wont get any annoying adware springing unwanted pop-ups all over your screen. The folks at MP3 Musiq obviously want to eliminate any risks of viruses etc from downloading, as your subscription includes $250 of bundled software, including a virus scanner, adware remover, pop-up blocker and a personal firewall. Just in case you need them, MP3 Musiq also provide MP3 and DVD movie players, although most modern PCs have this kind of software pre-installed.

The biggest draw of MP3 Musiq must be the range of downloads on offer. As well as music tracks ranging from pop to hip-hop, theres plenty to choose from for jazz fans, Latino lovers and country cousins, as well as classical and Christian music. Then you can start on the list of movies, including documentaries, Manga and trailers for the latest blockbusters. There are plenty of games to keep you battling, puzzling and role-playing long into the night, and software to make your life easier. Finally, there is a small selection of road maps and mobile software to keep you on track.

MP3 Musiq offers a great service with great sound at an amazing price, so what are you waiting for?

Get to this top mp3 download site today, before your next mp3 download!

See the Authors Resource Box below to access the full MP3 Music Download Sites Review Blog.

Viamax Maximizer Review

Viamax Maximizer is claimed as an effective male enhancement supplement that could maximize the flow of blood to the penis to produce harder and bigger erections. This male product is manufactured by Viamax, a company that develops sexual health supplements and topical gels both for men and for women. While products like this aim to address the loss of sexual function in men, one should understand a little bit more about the product to determine its true potential.

Viamax Maximizer has its own section in Viamax’s official website, where the product is stated of being able to maximize penile blood flow for enhanced erections, hence, its name. The male sexual enhancer works immediately during arousal, where it allows more blood to the corpus cavernosum, which is the tissue in the penis that holds blood to produce an erection and prolong it. The male enhancement supplement is also said to stimulate the release of testosterone and provide essential nutrients in men to result in an enhanced libido and sexual stamina and endurance.

Viamax Maximizer is suggested to be used 3 tablets every breakfast for maximum results. Its main ingredients include L-Arginine, Epimedium, Tongkat Ali, Maca, and Tribulus Terrestris.

L-Arginine increases nitric oxide production in the body, which compound is essential for achieving an erection. Nitric oxide is indirectly responsible for the relaxation of smooth muscles in the penis, resulting to improved penile blood flow and therefore improving erection quality.

Epimedium stimulates nerve endings to results in enhanced sensations during sexual activity. This ingredient also helps increase the production of sperm, which helps increase ejaculate volume.

Tongkat Ali, or Eurycoma Longifolia, is known for increasing blood flow through different parts of the body, including the male genital. This ingredient has also been used for increasing energy levels and sexual drive, as it helps increase testosterone production.

Maca is a Peruvian herb that has been used for treating erectile dysfunction in men. This ingredient also promotes hormonal balance.

Tribulus Terrestris has been popular in bodybuilding and sexual enhancement supplements for its ability to increase testosterone levels in men. It does this by stimulating the release of luteinizing hormone, which also results in improved sperm motility and amount.

Viamax Maximizer also contains several other ingredients that are known components of effective sexual enhancers, like Yohimbe, which is truly effective, as FDA recognizes its ability to enhance erectile dysfunction and loss of libido in men. However, though its ingredient list may be promising, Yohimbe’s inclusion in Viamax Maximizer should be a concern to men, as it ma produce certain side effects like palpitations, irregular heartbeats, nausea, and headaches.

If you’re looking for a male supplements that work and affordable, then you should check out Instant Hard Rod and decide for yourself which brand suit you better. Instant Hard Rod is specially formulated to turbo charge your libido into over drive within 60 minutes and its effects can be felt for up to 4 days.

Click Here To Visit Instant Hard Rod Now

Karaoke – How to Karaoke

Karaoke anyone?

An enjoyable pastime is Karaoke. Aided by seeing the words to a song as they scroll across a television screen a person can enjoy Karaoke singing the lyrics with the help of the song playing softly in the background.

We all make our favorite music part of our everyday lives. If its not in the shower then maybe its in the car where we practice our signing skills. Who knows, you could be the next great sensational recording artist but probably youre like most of us and you just like to sing along to your favorite song. Whether its rap, rock and roll or country, with Karaoke you can find your style and become a star even if it is just with your close friends and family. Any way you slice it singing can bring a lot of joy and fun into any party or get-together. The great thing about Karaoke is that you dont have to quit your job to earn a living; you can karaoke any time you want.

Now that youve realized you want to Karaoke the next thing you have to decide is where and how?

Buying a small tot-able Karaoke machine is one option. Another option would be to game on a gaming console; all the popular brands have Karaoke options and accessories. With the advent of smart phone and tablet PCs now you can even set up your own personal Karaoke on these devices too.

Karaoke Portable Karaoke Player

One of the best ways to begin Karaoke, especially when you dont have a gaming machine or dont want to buy a gaming console is with a tot-able Karaoke console machine. Often, when you purchase a tot-able Karaoke machine the product comes with everything you will need to begin enjoying Karaoke. Usually almost as soon as you open the box you can begin to Karaoke because the set-up is just that simple. If connecting to the internet is important then make sure the tot able machine you buy has that option because its an option not often available.

Karaoke on Xbox, PSIII, Wii

Usually in order to begin Karaoke on a gaming machine all you have to do is get the right microphone for the gaming console and a song disk. If youve been thinking about buying a gaming machine but havent taken the plunge naturally youd need to do that as well. One consideration to make if you already have the gaming console is to make sure you have enough on board memory to do all the things you want to do like storing a recording of your song.

Karaoke on Smart Phones and Tablets

One easy but often over looked Karaoke option is to use the computer or every growing popular tablet PC. If you like to be animated while you sing it can be a little difficult with the tablet because you hold the pc in one hand and your mic in the other. With the advent of a growing number of internet sites related to Karaoke you can even make videos todays of yourself and friends Karaoke and post them to the internet.. And yes, with the popularity of iPad and then like there are more and more applications available for you to Karaoke.

From Metal To Horror Rap, Pop’s Most Shocking Stage Artists

Ever since the rise of rock and roll, some of the best underground music has also been some of the most shocking when performed live. In fact, many of the most distinctive underground music performers became true pop stars on the strength of their shocking live performances.

From Alice Cooper to Insane Clown Posse, the overall world of pop has been full of some jaw-dropping stage shows. Here are some of the most outrageous performers who have come out of underground music worlds.

Alice Cooper: Cooper was one of the original shock-rockers, whose wild ways would go on to influence underground music followers as diverse as metal bands and horror rap acts like Insane Clown Posse. Cooper’s been hanged onstage, danced with monsters, and been tormented by freaky, sexy nurses. And he’s still up to it in his 60s!

Marilyn Manson: Though he started in underground music scenes, Manson gained total fame — and infamy — based on his shows. Live Manson concerts involve simulated nudity, profanity galore, and even subverted fascist imagery. Although it provokes knee-jerk reactions, critical thinking reveals deeper meaning behind the shock.

Rammstein: This German underground music favorite doesn’t try to apply too much intellectualism to its live show, but it still aims to shock. Their performance fascinations are particularly sexual, full of simulated sodomy and other taboo perversions.

When they’re not freaking out the squares with that, they’re lighting their instruments on fire, soaking themselves in fake blood, or crowd-surfing in inflatable rafts.

Esham: This Detroit rapper is one of the founders of horror rap, though he doesn’t get much credit for this outside of the area’s underground music circles. Esham would later be cited as a major influence by later acts like Insane Clown Posse. His own brand of horror rap often blended rock beats with rhymes.

At the same time, he also performed his horror rap with a rock and roll type stage show. For much of his early career in underground music, he flirted openly with Satanic imagery, like so many horror rap artists would do after him. At the time, though, the mere existence of horror rap was shocking, as was Esham’s favored unabashedly psychedelic onstage atmosphere and lyrical content.

Insane Clown Posse: Following in Esham’s footsteps, Insane Clown Posse took up horror rap ideas with glee. Following with their favored album theme of the “Dark Carnival” mythology, Insane Clown Posse shows have featured murderous clowns, freak shows, and, usually, oceans of Faygo soda. It gets sprayed, shot from waterguns, poured from buckets, or just drop-kicked, bottle and all.

Get Music Off Spotify, Get Songs Off Spotify

Spotify, a great music service gives users for free and instant access to 10 million songs by searching artists, songs name, albums. But there is no download button provided for users to get music off Spotify to their computer playlists on Winamp, Quick Time, line-in Real Player, Windows Media Player, etc or transfer music files to their iPod, iPhone, PSP and so on.

Do you want to get music off Spotify freely and easily? Streaming Audio Capture is the best program to get songs off Spotify by now. It has a virtual sound card which is available to detect sound signal and save music for you when you play Spotify songs on your computer. What you have heard will be grabbed exactly by Streaming Audio Capture quickly. So you dont have to be afraid of downloading viruses or other annoying noises to your PC. You can save music from Spotify with excellent 1:1 high quality.

Streaming Audio Capture is extremely powerful to get music from MySpace, YouTube, Grooveshark, Deezer, Pandora, Yahoo, imeem and so on or capture radio from the popular radio websites like BBC Radio, Pandora Radio, XM Radio, Sirius Radio, etc. Moreover, it is also available for us to get audio from the players of Winamp, Quick Time, line-in Real Player, Windows Media Player, Microphone, Skype, etc on our computers. That is to say you can capture all streaming audio that you play through your computer sound card with it.

How to get songs off Spotify with Streaming Audio Capture?

In order to get songs off Spotify, simply follow the following steps.

Download and Install Streaming Audio Capture

Step 1: Run it on your computer after installing it.

Step 2: You may choose the default Spotify music formats or change the formats of it as MP3, WMV, WAV, AC3, M4A, AAC, OGG, etc by click Settings button.

Step 3: Play music on Spotify until you can hear it.

Step 4: Click Record button when you need to begin to download Spotify music.

Step 5: Click Stop button after finishing playing Spotify songs.

Note: After downloading music to your computer, you can choose a file and split it into several small parts as you like manually. Streaming Audio Capture is able to split songs one by one automatically in the background if you set the stop time or record length at first. For example, if you play Spotify music for half an hour, you may download several songs one by one to your hard disk.

Compare Streaming Audio Capture with other well-known programs like Audacity, Limewire, Frost wire, it is considered as the best program to download music or audio from the internet. It is a program with multi-function so that users can download music freely and easily. More and more music lovers or radio fans would love to choose this program for their personal enjoyment.

Bollywood Music Where Music Means A Lot

It is always a well-known fact that Bollywood is a place that produces maximum number of movies in comparison to any other film industry in the world. It makes the Bollywood the most sought after place where cinema breathes like anything. If it has termed that Bollywood creates Movies, music and magic, it should not take as a hyperbolic statement. If we describe Bollywood in bit detail, what we find is an excellent blend of talent, technology and testimony that defines the music at this place.

Since a long time, Bollywood is complementing the arena with its breathtaking contributions in world music industry. In every segment of the music whether Hindustani music, western, classical, pop or rap, Indian music has established the milestones. The sweetness and tender essence that it offers to the listeners is simply incredible. Nowadays, the music of Bollywood goes global with its online presence and with huge song collection across the web.

Internet keeps up with numerous resources that are meant to quench the thirst of every individual who is fallen in love with the Indian music. The major thing that seems important here is to making the pace with moving trends in Bollywood music and regular updates about the happenings. Network 18, one of the biggest media houses of the country launches in.com, a portal where Indian Bollywood music is available in all its regular formats.

In.com comprises one of the most comprehensive and unique collections of Indian music and Hindi songs ever available on the internet or in any other depository. Every sort of bollywood music that’s available on the internet comprises the unique tenderness and sweet approach that later offers a very vital delivery of the popular music close to the heart.

Bollywood is known for its eternal music and legendry contribution in the world of global music. Various artists like lyricists, music composers, producers and directors adorned the bollywood with their hard-core dedication and masterpiece in the music. Since ages, bollywood witnesses the revolutionary changes in the technology, trends and the choice of the listeners. This further pushes the Bollywood music into a foray where advancement was mandatory and need not to say that the Bollywood is now matching the footsteps with current scenario.

How To Write A Music School Business Plan

Your music school business plan is a document that defines your music school business with its objectives and shows how those objectives ought to be achieved.

Without a music school business plan it is unlikely that prospective “angel investors” and the like will invest in your music school business if that is your requirements to start-up or if you need to take it up another level

The plan should be customized for the likely lender or the investor. The substance of the plan should imitate the potential interests of the lender and persuade support for your music school business venture.

After completion,your plan also provides a powerful tool for monitoring the forward movement of your music school business. It will assist you to focus on the objectives set up in the plan.

You must keep your investor’s attention by making the detailed description as reader friendly as possible. Use simple, direct language and graphics to illustrate your points. Make sure your copy reflects the assured approach of the management team. Still, it is advisable to be realistic whilst presenting fiscal predictions.

Try to make the business plan as encouraging as possible but do not shy away from any observable problems there may perhaps be in setting up your music school business as your backer will more than likely have thought of them anyway; so if you can get their first and counter the likely questions before they think of them so much the better.

Make a lasting first impression by presenting the document in a clear and professional approach by using an understandable, uncomplicated design that conveys a proficient image and avoid jargon, keeping the subject matter concise and hard hitting. Any technical or supporting information should be provided in the appendices.

Keep all the figures between the main body of the document and your appendices – if you put large sections of figures in the body of your article you will distract your investor from the flow of the plan.

If your business is a new venture then give background information as to why you intend to start it. Affirm the considerable advantages of your product or service. Point to would-be markets and explain your pricing policy and promotion strategies. Identify the competition and outline your proposals for dealing with it. Be positive but brief.

It is crucial that your backer (if that is what your plan is to begin with used for) believes in you and your lineup (if you have one). If you come to an financier having just had a brain wave…”wouldn’t it be fantastic to have my own music school business” – you’re going to get laughed out the door. You must make plain your awareness and confirm your know-how and skill-sets as well as any other managers involved in the music school business. If you need any staff highlight these in the appendices – it is crucial that any essential roles in the music school business are ironed out before you meet your financier – if it is a pivotal role you have need of for your music school business then you will not get the capital you need.

The Music Box Industry Then And Now

Copyright 2006 Monique Hawkins

It has been over 200 years since the music box was invented in 1796. There were many influences, which impacted its development. It wasn’t until 1815 that the music box industry finally became organized on a company basis. Manufacturing practices and techniques made it possible to start producing them in 1840. However, only special designs with two or more combs or with mandolin combs were made. It wasn’t until 1860 that manufacturers began to think about mass production.

Initially, the qualities of manufactured music boxes were quite good. However, due to an increase in the rate of production, factories’ technology was unable to keep up and therefore the quality of music boxes was lowered.

In 1890, the disc machines that were made challenged the cylinder music box. Disc boxes became popular and were manufactured rapidly. Large quantities were produced over a period of 25 years until 1914 when World War I began. Due to the great need for accurate reproduction during the war (which greatly helped the on-going development of the phonograph), and the great capabilities of the gramophone, the need for forms of mechanical music decreased.

The years between World War I and World War II were one of great technological development as well as political and societal uncertainty. While a great number of Victorian music boxes were bought by the British, by 1920 music boxes became “old hat’. People began to spend their money on things such as motorcars. However, the end of the music box industry wasn’t totally over. A modern industry would soon begin as evidenced by towns such as St Croix and L’Auberson in Switzerland. David Tallis in “Music Boxes: A Guide for Collectors” says that: “Also manufacturing in St Croix we have Breitler S.A. founded in 1929, Les Fils de John Jaccard founded in 1862 by Jules Jaccard, and finally Regue S.A. who are on of the most important modern manufacturers.”

Today, there are over nine registered companies who make, repair, and market musical boxes in these two towns. There are also many other companies all over the world who do this work as well.

In modern times, Japan also has its place in the music box industry. This country now produces musical boxes and musical movements, which competes against the Swiss companies. Some of the main manufacturers are the Tokyo Pigeon Orugoru Company, Tokyo Seiki Orgel and the Sanyko Sieki Company.

Today, it is not difficult for music box and antique collectors to find high quality music boxes with great movements.

Rock Music Development

Rock music is a kind of music (music genres) that began to be popular in the mid 50s. Its root was derived from rhythm and blues, country music from the 40s and 50s as well as the other various influences. Furthermore, It also took a variety of other musical styles, including folk music (folk music), jazz and classic music.

The distinctive sound of this music often revolved around the electric guitar or acoustic guitar, and the use of a very subtle back beat in the rhythm section on electric bass guitar and drums, and keyboards like organ, piano or synthesizers since the 70s. Besides the guitar or keyboard, saxophone and blues-style harmonica were sometimes used as a solo instrument. In its pure form, the rock music had three chords, a consistent and striking back-beat, and attractive melody.

In the late 60s and early 70s, it evolved into several types. Rock music that mixed with the folk music (local music in the U.S.) became folk rock, the music that mixed with blues became blues-rock and the one that mixed with jazz became a jazz-rock fusion.

In the 70s, rock combined the influence of soul, funk, and Latin music. Also in 70s, rock evolved into various sub-genres (sub-categories), such as soft rock, glam rock, heavy metal, hard rock, progressive rock, and punk rock. The sub-categories of rock that were popular in the 80s were the New Wave, a hardcore punk, and alternative rock. In the 90s, there was grunge, Britpop, indie rock and nu metal.

A group of musicians who specialize in playing this music is called rock band or rock group. Many rock groups consist of guitar player, lead singer, bass guitar player, and drummer. In this case, they form a quartet.

Some rock groups take one or two positions above or use the main singer as a music player in addition to singing. In this case, they form a duo or trio. Another group has additional musicians like two rhythm guitars or a keyboardist. Somewhat less frequently, the rock group uses stringed musical instruments such as violin, cello or blower, such as saxophones, trumpet or trombones.